If the Nazis had succeeded in conquering Palestine, SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Walter Rauff, together with his Einsatzkommando , was on standby and would have been ordered to Palestine. The Nazis expected local participation in their actions, as had been the case in eastern Europe.
The fear of annihilation was undoubtedly a factor in the mindset of many Israelis during the war of 1948. There was also little sympathy for the cause of the Palestinian Arabs within the British left at that time, with Aneurin Bevan and Tony Benn both embracing Zionism. Arafat’s Fatah therefore always distanced itself from the Mufti and made a distinction between anti-Zionism and antisemitism. This is not the case with the Islamists of Hamas and Hizbullah, whose disdain for Jews extends beyond the borders of Israel-Palestine.
Professor Colin Shindler
School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London